Back in the early days of streaming, subscribing to a new video service was straightforward. After signing up through the service’s website, you’d be able to watch on practically any streaming device.
It’s not so simple anymore. Between direct sign-ups, in-app purchases, live TV add-ons, and a la carte “Channels” stores, you might have a dozen ways to pay for a single streaming service. And you’d better choose wisely, because every option has its own billing system, cancellation procedure, and rules on where you can watch.
This isn’t a new problem for streaming, but it’s only getting worse in 2022 as more companies launch their own subscription marketplaces, each looking for a cut of your TV spending. If you’re not careful, you can easily lose track of what you signed up for and where.
All the ways to pay
To understand how convoluted things have become, let’s consider all the ways you can pay for video streaming in 2022:
Direct billing, as in visiting a site like Netflix.com and subscribing there.
In-app purchase, where you pay the streaming platform (Apple, Amazon, Roku, and the like) to handle the billing instead of paying the streaming service directly.
“Channels” stores, which let you sign up for multiple streaming services through a single app. Amazon Prime Video Channels, Apple TV Channels, and Roku Channel Premium Subscriptions are all examples of this.
Live TV add-ons, in which a live TV streaming service (such as YouTube TV or Sling TV) lets you bundle additional subscriptions.
Not every streaming service supports all these options. Netflix, for instance, has shunned all sign-up methods aside from direct billing, while some other major services–including Hulu and Peacock–support in-app purchases as well.
But for some subscriptions, the options are overwhelming. If you have a Roku player, for instance, and you want to sign up for Starz, I count at least 10 possible ways to do so:
Following a sign-up link to Starz.com, then logging in through the Roku app.
Using Roku’s in-app purchase system (called Roku Pay) in the Starz app.
Subscribing through one of three “Channels” marketplaces, including the Roku Channel, Amazon Prime Video Channels, or Apple TV Channels.
Adding the service onto various live TV streaming apps, including YouTube TV, Hulu + Live TV, FuboTV, Sling TV, or Philo.
Jared Newman / Foundry
Each of these options has its own trade-offs. Signing up through the Apple TV app, for instance, means you can’t watch on Android phones. And if you subscribe through the Roku Channel, you can’t watch on Apple TV streaming players.
Even Roku’s own sign-up methods are strangely incompatible with one another. You can’t watch Starz in the Roku Channel if you sign up through the Starz app, and you can’t use the Starz app if you sign up through the Roku Channel. (Roku, at least, won’t let you sign up for both at the same time.)
Jared Newman / Foundry
Meanwhile, cancellation is tied to whichever source you signed up from. If you didn’t subscribe to Starz directly, you’ll need to visit the cancellation pages for Roku Pay, Apple billing, Amazon’s subscription portal, or whatever live TV service you signed up from.
The whole situation is a mess, and it’s hardly limited to Roku. You’ll find the same dizzying array of options on other platforms such as Fire TV and Apple TV, and I’m certain there are folks who have duplicate subscriptions as a result. (In fact, if you have an Apple TV device, you can sign up for Starz through an in-app purchase and the Apple TV Channels marketplace–and Apple will bill you for both at the same time.)
Jared Newman / Foundry
Even more ways to pay
I first wrote about these issues a few years ago, and for a time afterwards it seemed like the concept of numerous subscription marketplaces was falling out of favor. Now, however, they’re coming back with renewed vigor.
All of this is supposed to make streaming simpler by pulling more subscriptions under one roof. But because these marketplaces offer only a small collection of streaming services, they’ll only create more fragmentation and and confusion for consumers.
What you can do about it
Unfortunately, I don’t expect this chaos to resolve itself anytime soon. Companies like Apple, Amazon, Google, and Roku want to keep you trapped in their respective ecosystems, and being able to manage just a subscription or two helps them achieve that goal. If some users end up subscribing to the same service in multiple places as a result, all the better.
My advice is to be extra deliberate about where you sign up for TV services, and avoid “Channels” marketplaces entirely unless there’s a financial advantage to using them (such as seasonal sales that you can quickly cancel).
Either way, you should periodically audit your subscriptions to make sure you haven’t neglected anything, and remember that even as streaming companies claim to be making thing simpler, they’re really just looking for easier ways to pry into your wallet.
Jared Newman has been helping folks make sense of technology for over a decade, writing for PCWorld, TechHive, and elsewhere. He also publishes two newsletters, Advisorator for straightforward tech advice and Cord Cutter Weekly for saving money on TV service.