Apple: Happy 35th Birthday
Apple celebrates its 35th birthday on April 1, 2011. Thirty-five years ago, Apple started out in CEO and co-founder Steve Jobs' garage. Three and a half decades on, it is the biggest tech company in the world.
Macworld UK takes a look at some of the highs and lows of the company that started out in Steve Jobs' garage in a special feature, Apple is 35.
The story of Apple begins with the two Steves -- Jobs and Wozniak -- working together at Hewlett-Packard and joining the Homebrew Computer Club in Silicon Valley.
In 1976, Jobs, Wozniak, and Ron Wayne set up the company and drew inspiration from John Draper, the Blue Box phone phreaker. Wozniak designed and built a computer based on the MOS Technology 6502 chip and flogged 50 of them to the local computer store, working day and night to build them.
The Apple II and the notorious Apple III -- which suffered from overheating problems due to Jobs' reluctance to use a fan in the chassis -- followed, and on December 22, 1980 Apple's 40 employees struck it rich after the company's initial public offering.
Dark times lay ahead, though, when John Sculley, the former Pepsi president, took the role of CEO at Apple. A power struggle between Jobs and Sculley followed and the former was forced out of the company in 1985.
Macworld's feature also explores the birth of the Macintosh and the PowerBook, arguably the most groundbreaking mobile computing product of all time.
But Sculley himself was forced out of the company in 1993, with Michael Spindler taking over at the top. His reign didn't last long, though, and Gil Amelio took over in 1996.
Jobs returned to the company the following year and Amelio quickly found himself out on his ear. In 1998, the iMac launched, followed by the iBook in 1999, then Mac OS X and the iPod in 2001 -- four products that revived the company's fortunes.
In the past ten years, Apple has gone from strength to strength -- the iTunes Store, the iPhone, and the iPad helping to cement the firm's place as the largest tech company in the world.
Concerns over Jobs' health are at the forefront of many Apple-watchers' minds at the moment, though there are plenty of reasons to look to the future with optimism -- the iPad 2 looks to be a runaway success already, even in the face of a much more crowded tablet PC market, and a fifth iPhone, as well as Mac OS X 10.7 Lion, are due to launch this year.
So, many happy returns to Apple on this, the company's 35th birthday.
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